Thanks to Hal Bookbinder for a terrific program Sunday entitled “Why Did Our Ancestors Leave a Nice Place Like the Pale?”
Hal has provided an excellent handout which you may view and download here containing maps, charts and images from his presentation including:
- Map of the Pale
- Timeline of the Pale
- Geography of the Pale of Jewish Settlement
- Geography of Poland
His Timeline of the Pale in particular explains the various stages of development of the Pale’s history and how they impacted future waves of emigration to the West.
The other materials provide a clear explication of the genealogical issues raised by the region’s constantly changing borders and the influence of various mandates by the emporers and monarchs in authority during different periods.